Mumbai Serial bombings, 1993

On 12 March 1993 a series of 15 improvised explosive devices (IEDs) mostly car-bombs but including some motor-cycle borne IEDs exploded at well know locations across Mumbai including the Stock Exchange and several hotels. A total of 257 people were killed and 713 injured. The attacks were attributed to operatives from the local Muslim-dominated mafia of Daoud Ibrahim supported logistically by ISI and acting to revenge the January massacres of Muslims in communal riots across the city.

Virar Bombings

Between 23 January and  February 1998 a series of bomb blasts struck the Mumbai rail network including stations (Kanjurmarg, Santacruz, Kandivali) and track (between Gurgaon and Malad) . Four were killed and 32 injured. Several local Indian activists and one Pakistani national were later arrested and charged.

Chittisinghpura Massacre

In the early hours of 20 March 2000 terrorists dressed in Indian Army fatigues and believed affiliated with Lashkar-e-Taiba infiltrated the Sikh village of Chittisinghpura in Anantnag district of Kashmir, rounded up locals who had been celebrating a religious festival in two gurdwaras and opened fire with assault rifles slaughtering 36.

The 2000 Church bombings

Between May and July 2000 a series of bombings was conducted on Christian Churches in the southern and western states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Goa. A total of nine separate churches were bombed with five people wounded and one device exploded while being transported by terrorists.  The attacks were carried out by a Hyderabad-based Islamist group called Deendar Anjuman which was proscribed in 2001.

Red Fort Attack

On 22 December 2000 terrorists of the Lashkar-e-Taiba led by a Pakistani operative Ashfaw Ahmed carried out a small-arms fire assault on the iconic Red Fort in Delhi in which two soldiers and one civilian guard were killed and 14 people were wounded. The attack appeared aimed at derailing diplomatic détente between India and Pakistan. The assailants escaped but were later arrested, charged and convicted to prison sentences.

Indian Parliament Attack

On 13 December 2001 five terrorists loyal to Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad assaulted the parliament building in New Delhi. Eight policemen and a gardener were killed and a journalist later died from his wounds.  All five terrorists were also killed in the battle. Delhi police later alleged that the attack — which resulted in both India and Pakistan mobilizing for war — had been carried under the auspices of Pakistan’s ISI. Alleged coordinator Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri separatist, was sentenced to death and finally hanged in 2013.

Jaunpur Train derailment

On 13 May 2002 sabotage of the rail track caused the derailment of the Shramjeevi express traveling between New Delhi and Patna near Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh.  The derailment occurred at a time of high communal tension between Hindu and Muslim groups in the area and was attributed by Railway Police to elements of the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) though other Islamist factions were also active in the area. The crash caused 12 fatalities and some 80 injured.

 Akshardan Temple Assault

On 24 September 2002 two Islamist militants armed with assault rifles and grenades attacked Hindu worshippers at the Akshardan Temple in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.  Thirty-two people were killed and 80 other wounded. Both attackers were later killed in an exchange with National Security Guard commandos.

Mumbai Bus Bombing

In the early evening of 2 December 2002 an IED placed under a seat on a bus exploded after the vehicle had reached its destination of Ghatkopar Railway station. Two were killed and over 50 wounded. The attack occurred four days before the tenth anniversary of the demolition of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992.

 Mumbai Bicycle Bombing

On 27 January 2003 an IED left on a bicycle near the busy Vile Parle railway station exploded killing one person and wounding 28 others. The blast occurred just before a visit to Mumbai by then-Prime Minister Atal Vajpayee.

Mumbai Train Bombing

On 13 March 2003 at 19.45 hours an IED left in a first-class train compartment exploded as the train was pulling into Mulund station. Ten people were killed in two adjoining compartments and a further 70 wounded.

Mumbai Bus Bombing

On 28 July 2003 at 21.15 an IED left under the seat of a municipal bus exploded as the vehicle was traveling in Ghatkopar quarter of Mumbai. Four people were killed and a further 32 wounded.

Mumbai Taxi Bombings

On 28 August 2003 two large IEDs left in taxis exploded in south Mumbai near the Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar.  Fifty-two people were killed and over 100 wounded in the blasts.

 Dhemaji School Bombing

On 15 August 2004 at around 09.30 hours a remotely detonated IED exploded near the gate of Dhemaji College in Dehemaji, Assam, as students, parents and teachers were entering the grounds for an Independence Day parade. Planted by cadres of the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA), the device killed 18 and injured scores.

Jaunpur Train Bombing

On 28 July 2005 at 17.15 hours a device based on the military-grade explosive RDX detonated in a lavatory on the Shramjeevi Express as it travelled between Jaunpur and Delhi. Thirteen people were killed in the blast and a further 50 wounded, some severely. Given the location and the type of explosive used authorities attributed the attack to Islamist terrorists.

Hyderabad Suicide Bombing

On 12 October 2005 in the evening a lone suicide bomber gained access to the Hyderbad Police Task Force headquarters in the supposedly “high-security” Begumpet area of the city and detonated a power device in a backpack. He was killed instantly along with two police guards. Investigators subsequently identified the bomber as a Bangladeshi affiliated with Harakat-ul-Jihad al-Islami (HUJI)

Delhi Market Bombings

On 29 October 2005, two days before the major festival of Diwali, three IEDs exploded in markets and on a bus in central and south Delhi. Seventy were killed and at least 210 were wounded in the bombings which investigators attributed to LeT operatives.

 Bangalore Indian Institute of Science Assault

On 28 December 2005 at 1900 hours two or more terrorists drove onto the IISC campus in Bangalore, state capital of Karnataka, in a saloon car. Some 20 minutes later one gunman in a ski-mask and military-style fatigues and armed with a Kalashnikov-series assault rifle began firing on delegates walking to dinner from a seminar. Five people were wounded, one of them, a professor visiting from Delhi dying en route to hospital. The attack team suspected to be associated with LeT made good its escape.

Varanasi Synchronised Bombings

On 7 March 2006 shortly after 1800 hours the holy city of Varansai  in Uttar Pradesh was hit by two IED blasts in the crowded Sankat Mochan Hindu temple and at the railway station.  Twenty-eight people were killed and at least 100 wounded in an attack connected by the authorities to LeT using explosives smuggled across the border from Nepal with pressure-cooker-type IEDs believed to have been assembled in Bihar state.

Mumbai Train Bombings

On 11 July 2006 a series of seven IED explosions over a period of only 11 minutes between 18.24 and 18.35 hours struck evening commuter trains on the western line of Mumbai’s sprawling suburban rail network.  Packed into pressure cookers, the devices based on RDX and ammonium nitrate killed 189 people and wounded around 700 in the worst terrorist attack since the serial bombings in Mumbai in 1993. The attack was finally attributed to the Indian Mujahideen (IM) group supported by LeT.

Malegaon Mosque Bombings

On 8 September 2006 at 13.15 hours two or three IEDs planted in a Muslim cemetery close to a mosque in the city of Malegaon, Maharashtra State, exploded shortly after Friday prayers on the holy day of Shab-e-Bara’at. Thirty-seven people were killed and 125 wounded, mostly Muslim pilgrims. Authorities imposed a curfew on the town and deployed para-military forces to prevent communal clashes. The bombings were finally blamed on a Hindu extremist group Abhinay Bharat.

Samjhauta Express Bombing

On 18 February 2007 close to midnight terrorists detonated two IEDs on the Samjhauta Express on twice-weekly service between Delhi and the Pakistani city of Lahore. The blasts which occurred near Panipat, some 80 kms north of Delhi, killed 68 people with several dozen wounded, with most casualties Pakistani civilians. The attack came one day before Pakistani foreign minister Khurshid Mahmud was due to arrive in Delhi and has been variously blamed on LeT and the Hindu extremist group Abhinay Bharat.

 Mecca Masjid Bombing

On 18 May 2007 at 13.15 hours terrorists used a cell-phone to detonate a pipe-bomb based on a mix of RDX and TNT near an area used for ablutions inside the Mecca Masjid (Makka Masjid) in the old city of Hyderabad, capital of Telangana State. Two other devices were later found and disarmed. A total of 16 people were killed in the incident, five of them in firing by police attempting to quell rioting after the explosion.  No charges were laid in the incident with blame apportioned both to former members of the right-wing Hindu nationalist organisation the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and to jihadist terrorists loyal to Harakat-ul- Jihad al-Islami (HUJI)

Coordinated Hyderabad Bombings

 On 25 August 2007 at 19.45 and 19.50 hours two IEDs exploded in coordinated blasts, the first in the Lumbini Amusement Park and the second in a popular restaurant the Gokal Chat Bhandar, some 5 kms away.  At least 42 people were killed and over 50 wounded. The following day police found and neutralised another 19 unexploded IEDs fitted with timers and concealed in plastic bags at public locations across the metropolis.  The weight of official blame for the bombings fell on HUJI operatives from Bangladesh although some speculation suggested possible Communist Party of India-Maoist retaliation for stepped up counter-insurgency operations.

Ajmer Dargah Bombing

On 11 October 2007 at 18.12 hour an IED concealed in a tiffin carrier (or metal lunch-carrier) exploded outside the dargah or shrine of a sufi saint Moinuddin Chisti in Ajmer, Rajasthan. It was timed to coincide with the end of evening prayers and breaking of the day’s Ramadan fasting.  The explosion killed three and injured some 17. Despite media speculation over the possible involvement of LeT elements, three Hindu extremists associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) were finally charged and convicted by a National Investigation Agency (NIA) special court.

Ludhiana Cinema Theatre Blast

On the evening of 14 October 2007 an IED exploded in a multiplex cinema in a shopping area in the Punjab industrial centre of Ludhiana. Six were killed and around 30 injured in the blast which occurred during a film showing at around 20.40 hours. Four militants of a Sikh terror group Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) were later arrested and charged with carrying out the attack.

Lucknow, Varanasi, Faizabad Courthouse Blasts

On 24 November 2007 near simultaneous bombings in the middle of the day struck courthouse complexes in the three cities in Uttar Pradesh state killing 16 and wounding some 70.

Rampur CRPF Camp Assault

In the early hours 1 January 2008 four militants believed to be Lashkar-e-Taiba operatives armed with assault rifles and grenades launched an assault on a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) recruitment centre in Rampur in northern Uttar Pradesh state.  Eight people including seven CRPF troops were killed in the attack and a further five injured. The terrorists escaped under cover of darkness.

Jaipur Serial Bombings

On 13 May 2008 the city of Jaipur, capital of Rajasthan and a major tourism hub was shaken by nine synchronized IED blasts which unfolded within 15 minutes starting at 19.10 hours. A tenth device was later found and disarmed. Based on military-grade RDX explosives hidden in bicycles, the blasts took a heavy toll with 63 dead and at least 216 wounded. While the Home Ministry indicated that Harakat-ul-Jihad al-Islami (HUJI) was responsible for an operation staged from Bangladesh, two days after the bombings a hitherto unknown group,  the Indian Mujaideen (IM), claimed responsibility in an email to media outlets, vowing the “demolish the faith” of the “infidels of India”.

Bangalore Serial Bombings

On 25 July 2008 a series of nine low-intensity IEDs triggered by timers exploded across Bangalore mostly in the space of an hour between 13.30 and 14.430 hours. Two people were killed and some 20 injured.

Ahmedabad Serial Bombings

On 26 July 2008, one day after serial bombings in Bangalore, in Karnataka,  Ahmedabad, the largest city in Gujarat State, was hit by a wave of 21 IED blasts that in the space of 70 minutes left 56 people dead and over 200 wounded. Many of the devices exploded on buses; others targeted hospitals.

The Delhi Market Bombings

On the evening of 13 September 2008 five coordinated blasts struck markets and commercial locations across Delhi in rapid succession. The first device exploded at 18.07 hours, the last at 18.38. In all, 33 people were killed and 130 wounded. An additional four devices were found and safely disarmed.  The Indian Mujahideen claimed responsibility for the attacks in e-mail sent to media outlets.

Merauli Electronics Market Bombing

On 27 September 2008 at 14.15 hours an IED exploded in the Sarai electronic market in the south-west Delhi district of Merauli.  Concealed in a tiffin box left by two men on am otorcycle the device exploded killing three people and wounding 23 others. The attack came exactly two weeks after the horrific Delhi market bombs earlier in the month.

The Western India Bombings

 On 29 September 2008 three coordinated terrorist bombings struck the western states of Guajarat and Maharashtra . Two IEDs were detonated in Malegaon, Maharashtra, killing seven people; while a third exploded in Modas, Gujarat, killing one. In addition to the 10 fatalities, a further 80 people were wounded.

The Mumbai Attacks

On the evening of 26 November 2008, 10 members of Lashkar-e- Taiba landed in Mumbai by sea and carried out one of the most brazen and notorious terrorist assaults in post-World War II history. The rampage across the city lasted more than three days and resulted in 164 deaths and the wounding of over 300.  The coordinated shooting and bombing attacks struck twelve locations, mostly in South Mumbai and including well-known locations: the Chhatrapati Shivaji Railway Terminus, the Oberoi Trident Hotel, the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, the Leopold Café, Cama Hospital, the Nariman House Jewish community centre, and the Metro Cinema.  Indian security forces spearheaded by national Security Guard commandos finally regained control on 29 November, with all but one of the Pakistani terrorists being killed.

Guwahati Bombings

On the afternoon of 1 January 2009 three IED blasts struck Guwahati city, state capital of Assam, on the same day that Home Minister P. Chidambaram was due to visit the city. Six people were killed and 67 wounded. The attacks were attributed to the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA).

 Assam Bombings

On 6 April 2009 two coordinated IED blasts struck the Maligaon and Dhekiajuli areas of Guwahati, Assam. The attacks coincided with the campaigning for national elections and a visit by the Indian prime minister to address a rally the next day.  Seven people were killed and 56 wounded in the Maligao blast at around 14.00 hours and seven died and five were wounded in Dhekiajuli.  Suspicion over culpability for the attacks focused predictably on ULFA.

Varanasi Sheetla Ghat Bombing

 On 7 December 2010 an IED concealed inside a milk container exploded on the Sheela Ghat on the banks of the River Ganges at the beginning of the sunset prayer ritual for the holy river.  One two-year old girl was killed and 38 others injured by the explosion and in an ensuing stampede.  The attack occurred one day after the anniversary of the demolition of the Babri Mosque in 1992. The Indian Mujahideen (IM) group claimed responsibility for the attack in an email to media outlets.

The Pune German Bakery Bombing

On 13 February 2010 at 19.15 hours an IED was detonated in a restaurant popular with locals and foreign students and tourists, the German Bakery in Pune City. Seventeen people were killed in the blast including five foreigners and a further 60 wounded including 12 foreigners. Investigators believed that the attack was part of a collaborative arrangement between the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and the Indian Mujahideen (IM) known as the Karachi Project. The attack came shortly after an agreement between Indian and Pakistan to resume dialogue in New Delhi later in February.

Mumbai 13 July Bombings

On the evening of 13 July 2011 between 18.54 and 19.06 hours three coordinated blasts occurred at in three localities across Mumbai: the Opera House, Zaveri Bazaar and Dadar West. Twenty-six died in the attacks and a further 130 were wounded. Police investigations and arrests identified the Indian Mujaideen and specifically its leader Yasin Bhatkal and his associates as behind the bombings.

Delhi High Court Bombing

On 7 September 2011 an IED believed to have been concealed in a brief case exploded in the crowded reception area of the Delhi High Court killing 17 and injuring 76.  While assessed as having weighed only around 2kg, the device was composed of a mixture of ammonium nitrate and PETN and resulted in a powerful explosion. The attack appeared to have been carried out by either Harakat-ul-Jihad al-Islami (HuJI) or the Indian Mujahideen (IM)

Pune coordinated Bombings

On 1 August 2012 between 19.27 and 20.15 hours a series of four low-intensity IEDs blasts occurred across the city of Pune; and a fifth device was later found and disarmed. Only one person was injured in the blasts which appeared to have been only partial owing to an error in their assembly.  The Indian Mujahideen terror group was implicated in the attack.

Hyderabad Bombings

At around 19.00 hours on 21 February 2013 two IEDs on bicycles parked approximately 100 metres away from each other exploded in the crowded Dilsukhnagar shopping areas of central Hyderabad. The first device detonated at 19.02 and the second some four minutes later. Seventeen people were killed and nearly 120 wounded in the blasts. The Indian Mujahideen terrorist faction was implicated in the attacks which were widely condemned internationally as well as in India.

Srinagar CRPF Camp Attack

On 13 March 2013 militants dressed as cricket-players launched a small arms fire attacked a CRPF camp near the Police Public School Ground sports field.  In an attack that last some 30 minutes five CRPF troops and two militants were killed and ten others including civilians and security force personnel injured. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by the Kashmiri group Hizbul Mujahideen

Bangalore Bombing

On 13 April 2013 an IED concealed in a parked motorcycle exploded outside the Karnataka State office of the BJP party, Jagannath Bhawan, in Bangalore. Sixteen people, eight police and eight civilians, were wounded.

Srinagar Convoy Attack

On 24 June 2013 militants attacked an Indian Amy convoy as it passed through the Haiderpura district on the outskirts Srinagar, summer capital of Jammu & Kashmir State.  Eight soldiers were killed and 19 wounded in the attack which came one day before a visit to the city by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The attack was claimed by the Kashmiri group, Hizbul Mujahideen but believed by Indian authorities to have been carried out by LeT guerrillas.

Bodh Gaya Bombings

On 7 July 2013 a series of 10 IED blasts occurred around the Buddhist Mahabodhi Templex complex in Bodh Gaya wounding five including two Buddhist monks.  Three other devices were found and safely disarmed. An investigation by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) concluded that the attacks had been the work of the Indian Mujahideen (IM).

Patna Bombings

On 27 October 2013 between 0930 and 17.15 hours a series of IED blasts occurred across Patna, capital of northern Bihar state, during an election rally for BJP prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi. Six people were killed and 85 others injured. The death of one terrorist when a device exploded prematurely and the arrest of another indicated that the operation had been carried out by the Indian Mujahideen (IM) group who had hoped to cause a stampede at the election rally resulting in a far higher casualty toll.

Chennai Train Bombing

On the morning of 1 May 2014 at around 07.15 hours two low-intensity pipe bombs detonated by timers exploded in quick succession on an express train travelling between the southern city Bangalore and Guwahati in Assam while it was at Chennai Central station. One woman was killed and at least 14 other people in the blasts.

Bangalore Restaurant Blast

In the evening of 28 December 2014 a low-intensity IED was detonated by a timing device outside the Coconut Grove restaurant on Bangalore’s central Church St. killing one woman passer-by and wounded three other people. Alemzeb Afridi, a Bangalore man earlier associated with the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) who was later arrested in connection with the attack was believed by investigators to have been inspired on line by Islamic State propaganda.

Kathua Police Station Attack

Before dawn on 20 March 2015 a militant fedayeen team dressed in Indian army fatigues attacked the Rajbagh police station in Kathua district, Jammu. A policeman and two para-military CRPF troops were killed and 11 others wounded before the assault concluded with the death of two attackers.

Gurdaspur Police Station Attack

On 27 July 2015 militants believed by Indian authorities to be affiliated with Lashkar-e-Taiba stormed a police station in Gurdaspur district, Punjab, in a fedayeen-style assault that initiated a seven hour siege before all three were killed. Seven police and three civilians were also killed and 10 others wounded in the assault. Five IEDs were later found on a nearby railway track, believed to have been planted before the small-arms fire attack.

Pathankot Air Force Base Attack

On 2 January 2016 militants dressed in Indian army fatigues and believed loyal to Jaish-e- Mohammad infiltrated and then attacked an Indian Air Force base at Pathankot. Around 17 hours of clashes left five militants and three security force personnel dead. The attack appeared aimed at derailing a still fragile peace process between India and Pakistan.

Pampore Attack

In the late afternoon of 25 June 2016 three or four militants loyal to Lashkar-e-Taiba ambushed a six-vehicle convoy carrying Central Reserve Police Force personnel at Pampore on the Srinagar-Jammu national highway.  Eight CRPF personnel were killed and over 20 injured in the attack which also claimed the lives of two LeT militants.

Uri Brigade HQ Assault

Shortly before dawn on 18 September 2016 four militants stormed an Indian Army brigade headquarters outside the town of Uri, close to the Line of Control in Kashmir. The fedayeen-style assault that unfolded lasted six hours before the attackers were finally killed.  A total of 19 Indian soldiers were killed or later succumbed to wounds. A further 20-30 were wounded. Understood to have been planned and conducted by Jaish-e-Mohammad, the attack resulted in the largest number of security force casualties in a single incident in two decades of conflict in Kashmir.

 Baramullah Attack

On 3 October 2016 militants stormed a Rashtriya Rifles army camp in Baramullah, Kashmir. One soldier and two militants were killed in the ensuing exchange of fire.

 

Nagrota Army Base Assault

At dawn on 29 November 2016 three militants dressed in Indian police uniforms and armed with assault rifles and grenades stormed an army base in Nagrota, near Jammu, in Jammu & Kashmir State.  Seven Indian soldiers were killed before all three terrorists were shot dead.

 

Bhopal–Ujjain Train Bombing

On 7 March 2017 terrorists detonated a low-intensity device on a train running between Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh state, and Ujjain Junction as the train was passing through Jabri station.  Ten passengers were wounded.  The terrorist cell neutralized by police in the days that followed had been inspired by Islamic State and some members had earlier attempted to leave India for Syria. However, IS media platforms made no mention of either the attack or its perpetrators.

 

Srinagar BSF Camp Assault

On 3 October 2017 at around 0430 hours a three-man fedayeen assault team dressed in military fatigues and later said by officials to be loyal to the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) breached the security perimeter of a Border Security Force camp adjacent to Srinagar International Airport. The attackers stormed the facility firing assault rifles and throwing grenades. In the initial assault and the ensuing clash which lasted several hours, all three terrorists were killed along with one BSF soldier. Four other BSF troops were wounded.